Articles | Volume 23, issue 16
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-23-9217-2023
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-23-9217-2023
Research article
 | 
22 Aug 2023
Research article |  | 22 Aug 2023

Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation modulates the relationship between El Niño–Southern Oscillation and fire weather in Australia

Guanyu Liu, Jing Li, and Tong Ying

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Cited articles

Abram, N. J., Henley, B. J., Sen Gupta, A., Lippmann, T. J. R., Clarke, H., Dowdy, A. J., Sharples, J. J., Nolan, R. H., Zhang, T. H., Wooster, M. J., Wurtzel, J. B., Meissner, K. J., Pitman, A. J., Ukkola, A. M., Murphy, B. P., Tapper, N. J., and Boer, M. M.: Connections of climate change and variability to large and extreme forest fires in southeast Australia, Communications Earth & Environment, 2, 8, https://doi.org/10.1038/s43247-020-00065-8, 2021. 
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Short summary
Fires in Australia are positively correlated with the El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO). However, the correlation between ENSO and the Australian Fire Weather Index (FWI) increases from 0.17 to 0.70 when the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO) shifts from a negative to positive phase. This is explained by the teleconnection effect through which the warmer AMO generates Rossby wave trains and results in high pressures and a weather condition conducive to wildfires.
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