Articles | Volume 23, issue 10
Research article
31 May 2023
Research article |  | 31 May 2023

Satellite quantification of methane emissions and oil–gas methane intensities from individual countries in the Middle East and North Africa: implications for climate action

Zichong Chen, Daniel J. Jacob, Ritesh Gautam, Mark Omara, Robert N. Stavins, Robert C. Stowe, Hannah Nesser, Melissa P. Sulprizio, Alba Lorente, Daniel J. Varon, Xiao Lu, Lu Shen, Zhen Qu, Drew C. Pendergrass, and Sarah Hancock

Data sets

Methane retrieved from TROPOMI: improvement of the data product and validation of the first 2 years of measurements A. Lorente, T. Borsdorff, A. Butz, O. Hasekamp, J. aan de Brugh, A. Schneider, L. Wu, F. Hase, R. Kivi, D. Wunch, F. Pollard, K. Shiomi, N. M. Deutscher, V. A. Velazco, C. M. Roehl, P. O. Wennberg, T. Warneke, and J. Landgraf

University of Leicester GOSAT Proxy XCH4 v9.0 R. Parker and H. Boesch

Multi-laboratory compilation of atmospheric methane data for the period 1983--2020 K. N. Schuldt, T. Aalto, A. Andrews, S. Aoki, J. Arduini, B. Baier, P. Bergamaschi, T. Biermann, S. C. Biraud, and H. Boenisch

Global Fuel Exploitation Inventory (GFEI) T. R. Scarpelli and D. J. Jacob

Short summary
We quantify methane emissions from individual countries in the Middle East and North Africa by inverse analysis of 2019 TROPOMI satellite observations of atmospheric methane. We show that the ability to simply relate oil/gas emissions to activity metrics is compromised by stochastic nature of local infrastructure and management practices. We find that the industry target for oil/gas methane intensity is achievable through associated gas capture, modern infrastructure, and centralized operations.
Final-revised paper