Articles | Volume 22, issue 13
Research article
14 Jul 2022
Research article |  | 14 Jul 2022

Effective radiative forcing of anthropogenic aerosols in E3SM version 1: historical changes, causality, decomposition, and parameterization sensitivities

Kai Zhang, Wentao Zhang, Hui Wan, Philip J. Rasch, Steven J. Ghan, Richard C. Easter, Xiangjun Shi, Yong Wang, Hailong Wang, Po-Lun Ma, Shixuan Zhang, Jian Sun, Susannah M. Burrows, Manish Shrivastava, Balwinder Singh, Yun Qian, Xiaohong Liu, Jean-Christophe Golaz, Qi Tang, Xue Zheng, Shaocheng Xie, Wuyin Lin, Yan Feng, Minghuai Wang, Jin-Ho Yoon, and L. Ruby Leung


Interactive discussion

Status: closed

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on acp-2021-1087', Anonymous Referee #1, 19 Jan 2022
    • AC1: 'Reply on RC1', Kai Zhang, 27 Apr 2022
  • RC2: 'Review of Zhang et al.', Anonymous Referee #2, 18 Feb 2022
    • AC2: 'Reply on RC2', Kai Zhang, 27 Apr 2022

Peer review completion

AR: Author's response | RR: Referee report | ED: Editor decision
AR by Kai Zhang on behalf of the Authors (24 May 2022)  Author's response    Author's tracked changes    Manuscript
ED: Publish as is (13 Jun 2022) by Hang Su
Short summary
Here we analyze the effective aerosol forcing simulated by E3SM version 1 using both century-long free-running and short nudged simulations. The aerosol forcing in E3SMv1 is relatively large compared to other models, mainly due to the large indirect aerosol effect. Aerosol-induced changes in liquid and ice cloud properties in E3SMv1 have a strong correlation. The aerosol forcing estimates in E3SMv1 are sensitive to the parameterization changes in both liquid and ice cloud processes.
Final-revised paper