Articles | Volume 22, issue 12
Research article
21 Jun 2022
Research article |  | 21 Jun 2022

The formation and composition of the Mount Everest plume in winter

Edward E. Hindman and Scott Lindstrom

Data sets

Japanese Meteorological Agency JMA

Meteorological Satellite Center of JMA, Movie 5 E. E. Hindman

Model code and software

Polar2Grid documentation ( K. Strabala and D. Hoese

Short summary
Winds buffeting the Mt. Everest massif often produce plumes. This systematic study identified plumes from daily observations of real-time, on-line images from a geosynchronous meteorological satellite. The corresponding meteorological data were used with a cloud-forming model to show the plumes were composed, depending on the temperature, of droplets, crystals or both. They were not composed of resuspended snow, which is a common belief. We estimated the plumes may produce significant snowfall.
Final-revised paper