Articles | Volume 22, issue 7
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 22, 4581–4597, 2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-22-4581-2022

Special issue: Resolving uncertainties in solar geoengineering through multi-model...

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 22, 4581–4597, 2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-22-4581-2022
Research article
08 Apr 2022
Research article | 08 Apr 2022

Impacts of three types of solar geoengineering on the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation

Mengdie Xie et al.

Related authors

Regional dynamical and statistical downscaling temperature, humidity and windspeed for the Beijing region under stratospheric aerosol injection geoengineering
Jun Wang, John C. Moore, Liyun Zhao, Chao Yue, and Zhenhua Di
Earth Syst. Dynam. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-2022-35,https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-2022-35, 2022
Preprint under review for ESD
Short summary
Northern high-latitude permafrost and terrestrial carbon response to solar geoengineering
Yangxin Chen, Duoying Ji, Qian Zhang, John C. Moore, Olivier Boucher, Andy Jones, Thibaut Lurton, Michael J. Mills, Ulrike Niemeier, Roland Séférian, and Simone Tilmes
Earth Syst. Dynam. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-2022-34,https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-2022-34, 2022
Preprint under review for ESD
Short summary
Future dust concentration over the Middle East and North Africa region under global warming and stratospheric aerosol intervention scenarios
Seyed Vahid Mousavi, Khalil Karami, Simone Tilmes, Helene Muri, Lili Xia, and Abolfazl Rezaei
Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2022-370,https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2022-370, 2022
Preprint under review for ACP
Short summary
Estimating CO2 emissions for 108 000 European cities
Daniel Moran, Peter-Paul Pichler, Heran Zheng, Helene Muri, Jan Klenner, Diogo Kramel, Johannes Többen, Helga Weisz, Thomas Wiedmann, Annemie Wyckmans, Anders Hammer Strømman, and Kevin R. Gurney
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 14, 845–864, https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-14-845-2022,https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-14-845-2022, 2022
Short summary
Uncertainties in mass balance estimation of the Antarctic Ice Sheet using the input and output method
Yijing Lin, Yan Liu, Zhitong Yu, Xiao Cheng, Qiang Shen, and Liyun Zhao
The Cryosphere Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-2021-325,https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-2021-325, 2021
Preprint under review for TC
Short summary

Related subject area

Subject: Dynamics | Research Activity: Atmospheric Modelling | Altitude Range: Stratosphere | Science Focus: Physics (physical properties and processes)
How can Brewer–Dobson circulation trends be estimated from changes in stratospheric water vapour and methane?
Liubov Poshyvailo-Strube, Rolf Müller, Stephan Fueglistaler, Michaela I. Hegglin, Johannes C. Laube, C. Michael Volk, and Felix Ploeger
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 22, 9895–9914, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-22-9895-2022,https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-22-9895-2022, 2022
Short summary
The semi-annual oscillation (SAO) in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere (UTLS)
Ming Shangguan and Wuke Wang
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 22, 9499–9511, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-22-9499-2022,https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-22-9499-2022, 2022
Short summary
Interactions between the stratospheric polar vortex and Atlantic circulation on seasonal to multi-decadal timescales
Oscar Dimdore-Miles, Lesley Gray, Scott Osprey, Jon Robson, Rowan Sutton, and Bablu Sinha
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 22, 4867–4893, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-22-4867-2022,https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-22-4867-2022, 2022
Short summary
Enhanced upward motion through the troposphere over the tropical western Pacific and its implications for the transport of trace gases from the troposphere to the stratosphere
Kai Qie, Wuke Wang, Wenshou Tian, Rui Huang, Mian Xu, Tao Wang, and Yifeng Peng
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 22, 4393–4411, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-22-4393-2022,https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-22-4393-2022, 2022
Short summary
Evolution of the intensity and duration of the Southern Hemisphere stratospheric polar vortex edge for the period 1979–2020
Audrey Lecouffe, Sophie Godin-Beekmann, Andrea Pazmiño, and Alain Hauchecorne
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 22, 4187–4200, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-22-4187-2022,https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-22-4187-2022, 2022
Short summary

Cited articles

Ahlm, L., Jones, A., Stjern, C. W., Muri, H., Kravitz, B., and Kristjánsson, J. E.: Marine cloud brightening – as effective without clouds, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 13071–13087, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-17-13071-2017, 2017. 
Angel, R.: Feasibility of cooling the Earth with a cloud of small spacecraft near the inner Lagrange point (L1), P. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA., 103, 17184–17189, 2006. 
Bentsen, M., Bethke, I., Debernard, J. B., Iversen, T., Kirkevåg, A., Seland, Ø., Drange, H., Roelandt, C., Seierstad, I. A., Hoose, C., and Kristjánsson, J. E.: The Norwegian Earth System Model, NorESM1-M – Part 1: Description and basic evaluation of the physical climate, Geosci. Model Dev., 6, 687–720, https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-6-687-2013, 2013. 
Buckley, M. W. and Marshall, J.: Observations, inferences, and mechanisms of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation: A review, Rev. Geophys., 54, 5–63, https://doi.org/10.1002/2015RG000493, 2016. 
Cao, L., Duan, L., Bala, G., and Caldeira, K.: Simultaneous stabilization of global temperature and precipitation through cocktail geoengineering, Geophys. Res. Lett., 44, 7429–7437, https://doi.org/10.1002/2017GL074281, 2017. 
Download
Short summary
We use data from six Earth system models to estimate Atlantic meridional overturning circulation (AMOC) changes and its drivers under four different solar geoengineering methods. Solar dimming seems relatively more effective than marine cloud brightening or stratospheric aerosol injection at reversing greenhouse-gas-driven declines in AMOC. Geoengineering-induced AMOC amelioration is due to better maintenance of air–sea temperature differences and reduced loss of Arctic summer sea ice.
Altmetrics
Final-revised paper
Preprint