Articles | Volume 22, issue 17
Research article
12 Sep 2022
Research article |  | 12 Sep 2022

Experimental development of a lake spray source function and its model implementation for Great Lakes surface emissions

Charbel Harb and Hosein Foroutan

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Cited articles

Amiri-Farahani, A., Olson, N. E., Neubauer, D., Roozitalab, B., Ault, A. P., and Steiner, A. L.: Lake Spray Aerosol Emissions Alter Nitrogen Partitioning in the Great Lakes Region, Geophys. Res. Lett., 48, e2021GL093 727,, 2021. a, b, c, d
Anguelova, M. D. and Huq, P.: Effects of Salinity on Bubble Cloud Characteristics, Journal of Marine Science and Engineering, 6, 1,, 2018. a, b
Anguelova, M. D. and Webster, F.: Whitecap coverage from satellite measurements: A first step toward modeling the variability of oceanic whitecaps, J. Geophys. Res.-Oceans, 111, C03017,, 2006. a
Appel, K. W., Bash, J. O., Fahey, K. M., Foley, K. M., Gilliam, R. C., Hogrefe, C., Hutzell, W. T., Kang, D., Mathur, R., Murphy, B. N., Napelenok, S. L., Nolte, C. G., Pleim, J. E., Pouliot, G. A., Pye, H. O. T., Ran, L., Roselle, S. J., Sarwar, G., Schwede, D. B., Sidi, F. I., Spero, T. L., and Wong, D. C.: The Community Multiscale Air Quality (CMAQ) model versions 5.3 and 5.3.1: system updates and evaluation, Geosci. Model Dev., 14, 2867–2897,, 2021. a, b, c, d
Axson, J. L., May, N. W., Colón-Bernal, I. D., Pratt, K. A., and Ault, A. P.: Lake Spray Aerosol: A Chemical Signature from Individual Ambient Particles, Environ. Sci. Technol., 50, 9835–9845,, 2016. a, b
Short summary
A model representation of lake spray aerosol (LSA) ejection from freshwater breaking waves is crucial for understanding their climatic and public health impacts. We develop an LSA emission parameterization and implement it in an atmospheric model to investigate Great Lakes surface emissions. We find that the same breaking wave is likely to produce fewer aerosols in freshwater than in saltwater and that Great Lakes emissions influence the regional aerosol burden and can reach the cloud layer.
Final-revised paper