Articles | Volume 21, issue 6
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-4709-2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-4709-2021
Research article
 | 
26 Mar 2021
Research article |  | 26 Mar 2021

Pre-deliquescent water uptake in deposited nanoparticles observed with in situ ambient pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy

Jack J. Lin, Kamal Raj R Mundoli, Stella Wang, Esko Kokkonen, Mikko-Heikki Mikkelä, Samuli Urpelainen, and Nønne L. Prisle

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Latest update: 15 Jun 2024
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Short summary
We used surface-sensitive X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) to study laboratory-generated nanoparticles of atmospheric interest at 0–16 % relative humidity. XPS gives direct information about changes in the chemical state from the binding energies of probed elements. Our results indicate water adsorption and associated chemical changes at the particle surfaces well below deliquescence, with distinct features for different particle components and implications for atmospheric chemistry.
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