Articles | Volume 20, issue 11
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 20, 6991–7019, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-20-6991-2020

Special issue: The Modular Earth Submodel System (MESSy) (ACP/GMD inter-journal...

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 20, 6991–7019, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-20-6991-2020

Research article 12 Jun 2020

Research article | 12 Jun 2020

Quantifying uncertainties of climate signals in chemistry climate models related to the 11-year solar cycle – Part 1: Annual mean response in heating rates, temperature, and ozone

Markus Kunze et al.

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Short summary
Modelling the response of the atmosphere and its constituents to 11-year solar variations is subject to a certain uncertainty arising from the solar irradiance data set used in the chemistry–climate model (CCM) and the applied CCM itself. This study reveals significant influences from both sources on the variations in the solar response in the stratosphere and mesosphere. However, there are also regions where the random, unexplained part of the variations in the solar response is largest.
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