Articles | Volume 20, issue 6
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 20, 3291–3315, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-20-3291-2020
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 20, 3291–3315, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-20-3291-2020

Research article 20 Mar 2020

Research article | 20 Mar 2020

Protein aggregates nucleate ice: the example of apoferritin

María Cascajo-Castresana et al.

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AR by Claudia Marcolli on behalf of the Authors (31 Jan 2020)  Author's response    Manuscript
ED: Publish subject to minor revisions (review by editor) (06 Feb 2020) by Daniel Knopf
AR by Claudia Marcolli on behalf of the Authors (10 Feb 2020)  Author's response    Manuscript
ED: Publish as is (17 Feb 2020) by Daniel Knopf
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Short summary
Atmospheric ice-nucleating particles are rare but relevant for cloud glaciation. A source of particles that nucleate ice above −15 °C is biological material including some proteins. Here we show that proteins of very diverse functions and structures can nucleate ice. Among these, the iron storage protein apoferritin stands out, with activity up to −4 °C. We show that its activity does not stem from correctly assembled proteins but from misfolded protein monomers or oligomers and aggregates.
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