Articles | Volume 20, issue 1
Research article
06 Jan 2020
Research article |  | 06 Jan 2020

Spatial and temporal variability in the ice-nucleating ability of alpine snowmelt and extension to frozen cloud fraction

Killian P. Brennan, Robert O. David, and Nadine Borduas-Dedekind


Interactive discussion

Status: closed
Status: closed
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
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Peer-review completion

AR: Author's response | RR: Referee report | ED: Editor decision
AR by Nadine Borduas-Dedekind on behalf of the Authors (28 Oct 2019)  Author's response    Manuscript
ED: Publish as is (26 Nov 2019) by Hinrich Grothe
Short summary
To contribute to our understanding of the liquid water-to-ice ratio in mixed-phase clouds, this study provides a spatial and temporal dataset of ice-nucleating particle (INP) concentrations in meltwater of 88 snow samples across 17 locations in the Swiss Alps. The impact of altitude, terrain, time since last snowfall and depth on freezing temperatures was also investigated. The measured INP concentrations provide an estimate of cloud glaciation temperatures important for cloud lifetime.
Final-revised paper