Articles | Volume 20, issue 23
Research article
07 Dec 2020
Research article |  | 07 Dec 2020

North African mineral dust sources: new insights from a combined analysis based on 3D dust aerosol distributions, surface winds and ancillary soil parameters

Sophie Vandenbussche, Sieglinde Callewaert, Kerstin Schepanski, and Martine De Mazière

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The Mineral Aerosol Profiling from Infrared Radiances (MAPIR) algorithm: version 4.1 description and evaluation
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African mineral dust sources: a combined analysis based on 3D dust aerosols distributions, winds and surface parameters
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Revised manuscript not accepted
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Subject: Aerosols | Research Activity: Remote Sensing | Altitude Range: Troposphere | Science Focus: Physics (physical properties and processes)
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Cited articles

Allen, C. J. T., Washington, R., and Engelstaedter, S.: Dust emission and transport mechanisms in the central Sahara: Fennec ground-based observations from Bordj Badji Mokhtar, June 2011, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 118, 1–21,, 2013. a, b, c, d, e
Amiridis, V., Marinou, E., Tsekeri, A., Wandinger, U., Schwarz, A., Giannakaki, E., Mamouri, R., Kokkalis, P., Binietoglou, I., Solomos, S., Herekakis, T., Kazadzis, S., Gerasopoulos, E., Proestakis, E., Kottas, M., Balis, D., Papayannis, A., Kontoes, C., Kourtidis, K., Papagiannopoulos, N., Mona, L., Pappalardo, G., Le Rille, O., and Ansmann, A.: LIVAS: a 3-D multi-wavelength aerosol/cloud database based on CALIPSO and EARLINET, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 7127–7153,, 2015. a
Ashpole, I. and Washington, R.: A new high-resolution central and western Saharan summertime dust source map from automated satellite dust plume tracking, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 118, 1–15,, 2013. a, b, c
Banks, J. R., Brindley, H. E., Hobby, M., and Marsham, J. H.: The daytime cycle in dust aerosol direct radiative effects observed in the central Sahara during the Fennec campaign in June 2011, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 119, 13861–13876,, 2014. a
Banks, J. R., Hünerbein, A., Heinold, B., Brindley, H. E., Deneke, H., and Schepanski, K.: The sensitivity of the colour of dust in MSG-SEVIRI Desert Dust infrared composite imagery to surface and atmospheric conditions, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19, 6893–6911,, 2019. a
Short summary
Mineral dust aerosols blown mostly from desert areas are a key player in the climate system. We use a new desert dust aerosol low-altitude concentration data set as well as additional information on the surface state and low-altitude winds to infer desert dust emission and source maps over North Africa. With 9 years of data, we observe a full seasonal cycle of dust emissions, differentiating morning and afternoon/evening emissions and providing a first glance at long-term changes.
Final-revised paper