Articles | Volume 19, issue 7
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19, 4851–4862, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-19-4851-2019
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19, 4851–4862, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-19-4851-2019

Research article 11 Apr 2019

Research article | 11 Apr 2019

Satellite-derived sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions from the 2014–2015 Holuhraun eruption (Iceland)

Elisa Carboni et al.

Data sets

IASI retrieval of sulphur dioxide (SO2) column amounts and altitude, 2014-09 to 2015-02, version 1.0 E. Carboni, I. Taylor, and D. Grainger http://catalogue.ceda.ac.uk/uuid/d40bf62899014582a72d24154a94d8e2

ESA Cloud Climate Change Initiative (Cloud CCI) ESA Cloud CCI project team http://www.esa-cloud-cci.org/

IASI: Atmospheric sounding Level 1C data products EUMETSAT http://catalogue.ceda.ac.uk/uuid/ea46600afc4559827f31dbfbb8894c2e

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Short summary
The 2014–2015 Holuhraun eruption was the largest in Iceland for 200 years, emitting huge quantities of gas into the troposphere, at times overwhelming European anthropogenic emissions. Infrared Atmospheric sounding Interferometer data are used to derive the first time series of daily sulfur dioxide mass and vertical distribution over the eruption period. A scheme is used to estimate sulfur dioxide fluxes, the total erupted mass, and how long the sulfur dioxide remains in the atmosphere.
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