Articles | Volume 19, issue 24
Research article
17 Dec 2019
Research article |  | 17 Dec 2019

Separating radiative forcing by aerosol–cloud interactions and rapid cloud adjustments in the ECHAM–HAMMOZ aerosol–climate model using the method of partial radiative perturbations

Johannes Mülmenstädt, Edward Gryspeerdt, Marc Salzmann, Po-Lun Ma, Sudhakar Dipu, and Johannes Quaas


Interactive discussion

Status: closed
Status: closed
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
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Peer-review completion

AR: Author's response | RR: Referee report | ED: Editor decision
AR by Johannes Mülmenstädt on behalf of the Authors (08 Jul 2019)  Author's response    Manuscript
ED: Referee Nomination & Report Request started (11 Aug 2019) by Xiaohong Liu
RR by Anonymous Referee #3 (02 Sep 2019)
ED: Publish subject to minor revisions (review by editor) (12 Sep 2019) by Xiaohong Liu
AR by Johannes Mülmenstädt on behalf of the Authors (22 Sep 2019)  Author's response    Manuscript
ED: Publish as is (23 Sep 2019) by Xiaohong Liu
Short summary
The effect of aerosol–cloud interactions (ACIs) on Earth's energy budget continues to be highly uncertain. We decompose the effective radiative forcing by ACIs (ERFaci) into the instantaneous forcing due to anthropogenic increases in the number of cloud droplets and fast responses of cloud properties to the droplet number perturbation in the ECHAM–HAMMOZ aerosol–climate model. This decomposition maps onto the IPCC's Fifth Assessment Report analysis of ERFaci more directly than previous work.
Final-revised paper