Articles | Volume 19, issue 21
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-19-13489-2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-19-13489-2019
Research article
 | 
05 Nov 2019
Research article |  | 05 Nov 2019

What controls the formation of nocturnal low-level stratus clouds over southern West Africa during the monsoon season?

Karmen Babić, Norbert Kalthoff, Bianca Adler, Julian F. Quinting, Fabienne Lohou, Cheikh Dione, and Marie Lothon

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Latest update: 16 Jun 2024
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Short summary
This study investigates differences in atmospheric conditions between nights with and without low-level stratus clouds (LLCs) over southern West Africa. We use high-quality observations collected during 2016 summer monsoon season and the ERA5 reanalysis data set. Our results show that the formation of LLCs depends on the interplay between the onset time and strength of the nocturnal low-level jet, horizontal cold-air advection, and the overall moisture level in the whole region.
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