Articles | Volume 18, issue 3
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-18-1593-2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-18-1593-2018
Research article
 | 
05 Feb 2018
Research article |  | 05 Feb 2018

Initiation of secondary ice production in clouds

Sylvia C. Sullivan, Corinna Hoose, Alexei Kiselev, Thomas Leisner, and Athanasios Nenes

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Latest update: 14 Jun 2024
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Short summary
Ice multiplication (IM) processes can have a profound impact on cloud and precipitation development but are poorly understood. Here we study whether a lower limit of ice nuclei exists to initiate IM. The lower limit is found to be extremely low (0.01 per liter or less). A counterintuitive but profound conclusion thus emerges: IM requires cloud formation around a thermodynamic sweet spot and is sensitive to fluctuations in cloud condensation nuclei concentration alone.
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