Articles | Volume 17, issue 6
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 3987–4003, 2017
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 3987–4003, 2017

Research article 24 Mar 2017

Research article | 24 Mar 2017

Satellite retrievals of dust aerosol over the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf (2005–2015)

Jamie R. Banks et al.

Data sets

MODIS Atmosphere L2 Aerosol Product, NASA MODIS Adaptive Processing System R. Levy, C. Hsu, et al.

Solar and Thermal Radiation Data from the Geostationary Earth Radiation Budget (GERB) Experiment EUMETSAT: J. E. Harries, J. E. Russell, J. A. Hanafin, et al.

AERONET data ( B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, D. Tanré, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Jankowiak, and A. Smirnov

Maritime AERONET data ( A. Smirnov, B. N. Holben, I. Slutsker, D. M. Giles, C. R. McClain, T. F. Eck, S. M. Sakerin, A. Macke, P. Croot, G. Zibordi, P. K. Quinn, J. Sciare, S. Kinne, M. Harvey, T. J. Smyth, S. Piketh, T. Zielinski, A. Proshutinsky, J. I. Goes, N. B. Nelson, P. Larouche, V. F. Radionov, P. Goloub, K. K. Moorthy, R. Matarrese, E. J. Robertson, and F. Jourdin

MISR data ( R. A. Kahn, D. L. Nelson, M. J. Garay, R. C. Levy, M. A. Bull, D. J. Diner, J. V. Martonchik, S. R. Paradise, E. G. Hansen, and L. A. Remer

ECMWF MACC-II data ( A. Inness, F. Baier, A. Benedetti, I. Bouarar, S. Chabrillat, H. Clark, C. Clerbaux, P. Coheur, R. J. Engelen, Q. Errera, J. Flemming, M. George, C. Granier, J. Hadji-Lazaro, V. Huijnen, D. Hurtmans, L. Jones, J. W. Kaiser, J. Kapsomenakis, K. Lefever, J. Leitão, M. Razinger, A. Richter, M. G. Schultz, A. J. Simmons, M. Suttie, O. Stein, J.-N. Thépaut, V. Thouret, M. Vrekoussis, C. Zerefos, and the MACC team

Short summary
From an 11-year analysis of satellite measurements of atmospheric dust presence over the Red Sea, it is clear that there is a strong north–south gradient in dust activity and a pronounced interannual variability in this activity. Analysing two commonly used satellite retrieval methods to quantify dust presence, we find that under the most extreme dust storm conditions the measured dust optical thicknesses can diverge strongly between the two methods.
Final-revised paper