Articles | Volume 17, issue 6
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 3987–4003, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-17-3987-2017
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 3987–4003, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-17-3987-2017

Research article 24 Mar 2017

Research article | 24 Mar 2017

Satellite retrievals of dust aerosol over the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf (2005–2015)

Jamie R. Banks et al.

Data sets

MODIS Atmosphere L2 Aerosol Product, NASA MODIS Adaptive Processing System R. Levy, C. Hsu, et al. https://doi.org/10.5067/MODIS/MOD04_L2.006

Solar and Thermal Radiation Data from the Geostationary Earth Radiation Budget (GERB) Experiment EUMETSAT: J. E. Harries, J. E. Russell, J. A. Hanafin, et al. http://catalogue.ceda.ac.uk/uuid/d8a5e58e59eb31620082dc4fd10158e2

AERONET data (http://aeronet.gsfc.nasa.gov/) B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, D. Tanré, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Jankowiak, and A. Smirnov https://doi.org/10.1016/S0034-4257(98)00031-5

Maritime AERONET data (http://aeronet.gsfc.nasa.gov/new_web/maritime_aerosol_network.html) A. Smirnov, B. N. Holben, I. Slutsker, D. M. Giles, C. R. McClain, T. F. Eck, S. M. Sakerin, A. Macke, P. Croot, G. Zibordi, P. K. Quinn, J. Sciare, S. Kinne, M. Harvey, T. J. Smyth, S. Piketh, T. Zielinski, A. Proshutinsky, J. I. Goes, N. B. Nelson, P. Larouche, V. F. Radionov, P. Goloub, K. K. Moorthy, R. Matarrese, E. J. Robertson, and F. Jourdin https://doi.org/10.1029/2008JD011257

MISR data (https://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov/project/misr/version/pge9) R. A. Kahn, D. L. Nelson, M. J. Garay, R. C. Levy, M. A. Bull, D. J. Diner, J. V. Martonchik, S. R. Paradise, E. G. Hansen, and L. A. Remer https://doi.org/10.1109/TGRS.2009.2023115

ECMWF MACC-II data (http://apps.ecmwf.int/archive-catalogue/?class=mc) A. Inness, F. Baier, A. Benedetti, I. Bouarar, S. Chabrillat, H. Clark, C. Clerbaux, P. Coheur, R. J. Engelen, Q. Errera, J. Flemming, M. George, C. Granier, J. Hadji-Lazaro, V. Huijnen, D. Hurtmans, L. Jones, J. W. Kaiser, J. Kapsomenakis, K. Lefever, J. Leitão, M. Razinger, A. Richter, M. G. Schultz, A. J. Simmons, M. Suttie, O. Stein, J.-N. Thépaut, V. Thouret, M. Vrekoussis, C. Zerefos, and the MACC team https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-13-4073-2013

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Short summary
From an 11-year analysis of satellite measurements of atmospheric dust presence over the Red Sea, it is clear that there is a strong north–south gradient in dust activity and a pronounced interannual variability in this activity. Analysing two commonly used satellite retrieval methods to quantify dust presence, we find that under the most extreme dust storm conditions the measured dust optical thicknesses can diverge strongly between the two methods.
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