Articles | Volume 17, issue 4
Technical note
17 Feb 2017
Technical note |  | 17 Feb 2017

Technical note: Simultaneous fully dynamic characterization of multiple input–output relationships in climate models

Ben Kravitz, Douglas G. MacMartin, Philip J. Rasch, and Hailong Wang


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Short summary
We introduce system identification techniques to climate science wherein multiple dynamic input–output relationships can be simultaneously characterized in a single simulation. This method, involving multiple small perturbations (in space and time) of an input field while monitoring output fields to quantify responses, allows for identification of different timescales of climate response to forcing without substantially pushing the climate far away from a steady state.
Final-revised paper