Articles | Volume 16, issue 5
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 3289–3309, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-16-3289-2016
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 3289–3309, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-16-3289-2016

Research article 14 Mar 2016

Research article | 14 Mar 2016

AIRUSE-LIFE+: a harmonized PM speciation and source apportionment in five southern European cities

Fulvio Amato et al.

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Short summary
Harmonized source apportionment of atmospheric particulate matter (PM10 and PM2.5) at 5 EU cities (Barcelona, Florence, Milan, Athens and Porto) reveals that vehicle exhaust (excluding nitrate) plus non-exhaust contributes 16–32 % to PM10 and 15–36 % to PM2.5. Secondary PM represents 37–82 % of PM2.5. Biomass burning varies from < 2 to 24 % of PM10, depending on the residential heating fuel. Other sources are local dust (7–19 % of PM10), industries (4–11 % of PM10), shipping, sea salt and Saharan dust.
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