Articles | Volume 9, issue 12
18 Jun 2009
 | 18 Jun 2009

Ammonia in positively charged pre-nucleation clusters: a quantum-chemical study and atmospheric implications

A. B. Nadykto, F. Yu, and J. Herb

Cited articles

Kurtén, T., Sundberg, M. R., Vehkamäki, H., Noppel, M., Blomqvist, J., and Kulmala, M.: Ab initio and density functional theory reinvestigation of gas-phase sulfuric acid monohydrate and ammonium hydrogen sulfate, J. Phys. Chem. A, 110, 7178–7188, 2006.
Kurtén, T., Torpo, L., Ding, C.-G., Vehkamäki, H., Sundberg, M. R., Laasonen, K., and Kulmala, M.: A density functional study on water-sulfuric acid-ammonia clusters and implications for atmospheric cluster formation, J. Geophys. Res., 112(D4), D04210,, 2007b.
Kurtén, T., Noppel, M., Vehkamäki, H., Salonen, M., and Kulmala, M.: Quantum chemical studies of hydrate formation of H2SO4 and HSO$_4^-$, Boreal Environ. Res., 12, 431–453, 2007c.
Riipinen, I., Sihto, S.-L., Kulmala, M., Arnold, F., Dal Maso, M., Birmili, W., Saarnio, K., Teinilä, K., Kerminen, V.-M., Laaksonen, A., and Lehtinen, K. E. J.: Connections between atmospheric sulphuric acid and new particle formation during QUEST III–IV campaigns in Heidelberg and Hyytiälä, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 7, 1899–1914, 2007.
Final-revised paper