Validation of remotely sensed profiles of atmospheric state variables: strategies and terminology
- Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung, Karlsruhe, Germany
Abstract. This paper summarizes and classifies the various approaches to validation of remote measurements of atmospheric state variables, and tries to recommend a clear and unambiguous terminology. The following approaches have been identified: Intercomparison of individual profiles for accuracy validation; statistical comparison of matched pairs of measurements with respect to bias determination and precision validation; statistical intercomparison of randomly sampled measurements by two instruments, and comparison of a single measurement to an ensemble of measurements. Applicable statistics are shortly reviewed, and recipes for evaluation of the co-incidence error due to less than perfect co-incidences are presented. An approach is suggested to quantitatively validate profile measurements when full covariance matrices are unavailable.