Articles | Volume 23, issue 13
Research article
06 Jul 2023
Research article |  | 06 Jul 2023

Weakening of the tropical tropopause layer cold trap with global warming

Stephen Bourguet and Marianna Linz

Data sets

The ERA5 global reanalysis ( H. Hersbach, B. Bell, P. Berrisford, S. Hirahara, A. Horányi, J. Muñoz-Sabater, J. Nicolas, C. Peubey, R. Radu, D. Schepers, A. Simmons, C. Soci, S. Abdalla, X. Abellan, G. Balsamo, P. Bechtold, G. Biavati, J. Bidlot, M. Bonavita, G. De Chiara, P. Dahlgren, D. Dee, M. Diamantakis, R. Dragani, J. Flemming, R. Forbes, M. Fuentes, A. Geer, L. Haimberger, S. Healy, R. J. Hogan, E. Hólm, M. Janisková, S. Keeley, P. Laloyaux, P. Lopez, C. Lupu, G. Radnoti, P. de Rosnay, I. Rozum, F. Vamborg, S. Villaume, and J.-N. Thépaut

The model data outputs from the Atmospheric Chemistry & Climate Model Intercomparison Project (ACCMIP) D. Shindell, J. F. Lamarque, W. Collins, V. Eyring, T. Nagashima, V. Naik, S. Szopa, and G. Zeng

Short summary
Here, we show how projected changes to tropical circulation will impact the water vapor concentration in the lower stratosphere, which has implications for surface climate and stratospheric chemistry. In our transport scenarios with slower east–west winds, air parcels ascending into the stratosphere do not experience the same cold temperatures that they would today. This effect could act in concert with previously modeled changes to stratospheric water vapor to amplify surface warming.
Final-revised paper