Articles | Volume 23, issue 11
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-23-6065-2023
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-23-6065-2023
Research article
 | 
02 Jun 2023
Research article |  | 02 Jun 2023

Divergent convective outflow in large-eddy simulations

Edward Groot and Holger Tost

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Short summary
It is shown that the outflow from cumulonimbus clouds or thunderstorms in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere in idealized high-resolution simulations (LESs) depends linearly on the net amount of latent heat released by the cloud for fixed geometry of the clouds. However, it is shown that, in more realistic situations, convective organization and aggregation (collecting mechanisms of cumulonimbus clouds) affect the amount of outflow non-linearly through non-idealized geometry.
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