Articles | Volume 23, issue 7
Research article
05 Apr 2023
Research article |  | 05 Apr 2023

Why is ozone in South Korea and the Seoul metropolitan area so high and increasing?

Nadia K. Colombi, Daniel J. Jacob, Laura Hyesung Yang, Shixian Zhai, Viral Shah, Stuart K. Grange, Robert M. Yantosca, Soontae Kim, and Hong Liao

Data sets

The Korea–United States Air Quality (KORUS-AQ) field study ( J. H. Crawford, J.-Y. Ahn, J. Al-Saadi, L. Chang, L. K. Emmons, J. Kim, G. Lee, J.-H. Park, R. J. Park, J. H. Woo, C.-K. Song, J.-H. Hong, Y.-D. Hong, B. L. Lefer, M. Lee, T. Lee, S. Kim, K.-E. Min, S. S. Yum, H. J. Shin, Y.-W. Kim, J.-S. Choi, J.-S. Park, J. J. Szykman, R. W. Long, C. E. Jordan, I. J. Simpson, A. Fried, J. E. Dibb, S. Cho, and Y. P. Kim

Short summary
Surface ozone, detrimental to human and ecosystem health, is very high and increasing in South Korea. Using a global model of the atmosphere, we found that emissions from South Korea and China contribute equally to the high ozone observed. We found that in the absence of all anthropogenic emissions over East Asia, ozone is still very high, implying that the air quality standard in South Korea is not practically achievable unless this background external to East Asia can be decreased.
Final-revised paper