Articles | Volume 22, issue 5
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-22-3111-2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-22-3111-2022
Research article
 | 
09 Mar 2022
Research article |  | 09 Mar 2022

Unveiling atmospheric transport and mixing mechanisms of ice-nucleating particles over the Alps

Jörg Wieder, Claudia Mignani, Mario Schär, Lucie Roth, Michael Sprenger, Jan Henneberger, Ulrike Lohmann, Cyril Brunner, and Zamin A. Kanji

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Latest update: 20 Apr 2024
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Short summary
We investigate the variation in ice-nucleating particles (INPs) relevant for primary ice formation in mixed-phased clouds over the Alps based on simultaneous in situ observations at a mountaintop and a nearby high valley (1060 m height difference). In most cases, advection from the surrounding lower regions was responsible for changes in INP concentration, causing a diurnal cycle at the mountaintop. Our study underlines the importance of the planetary boundary layer as an INP reserve.
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