Articles | Volume 22, issue 3
Research article
02 Feb 2022
Research article |  | 02 Feb 2022

Particle emissions from a modern heavy-duty diesel engine as ice nuclei in immersion freezing mode: a laboratory study on fossil and renewable fuels

Kimmo Korhonen, Thomas Bjerring Kristensen, John Falk, Vilhelm B. Malmborg, Axel Eriksson, Louise Gren, Maja Novakovic, Sam Shamun, Panu Karjalainen, Lassi Markkula, Joakim Pagels, Birgitta Svenningsson, Martin Tunér, Mika Komppula, Ari Laaksonen, and Annele Virtanen


Interactive discussion

Status: closed

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Referee-Comment on acp-2021-111', Anonymous Referee #2, 21 Mar 2021
    • AC1: 'Reply on RC1', Kimmo Korhonen, 30 Sep 2021
    • AC4: 'Additional information on RC1', Kimmo Korhonen, 03 Dec 2021
  • RC2: 'Comment on acp-2021-111', Anonymous Referee #3, 26 May 2021
    • AC2: 'Reply on RC2', Kimmo Korhonen, 30 Sep 2021
    • AC5: 'Corrigendum to RC2', Kimmo Korhonen, 03 Dec 2021
  • RC3: 'Comment on acp-2021-111', Anonymous Referee #4, 02 Jun 2021
    • AC3: 'Reply on RC3', Kimmo Korhonen, 30 Sep 2021

Peer review completion

AR: Author's response | RR: Referee report | ED: Editor decision
AR by Kimmo Korhonen on behalf of the Authors (03 Dec 2021)  Author's response    Author's tracked changes    Manuscript
ED: Publish as is (21 Dec 2021) by Hinrich Grothe
Short summary
We investigated the ice-nucleating abilities of particulate emissions from a modern diesel engine using the portable ice-nuclei counter SPIN, a continuous-flow diffusion chamber instrument. Three different fuels were studied without blending, including fossil diesel and two renewable fuels, testing different emission aftertreatment systems and photochemical aging. We found that the diesel emissions were inefficient ice nuclei, and aging had no or little effect on their ice-nucleating abilities.
Final-revised paper