Articles | Volume 22, issue 2
Research article
21 Jan 2022
Research article |  | 21 Jan 2022

A case study on the impact of severe convective storms on the water vapor mixing ratio in the lower mid-latitude stratosphere observed in 2019 over Europe

Dina Khordakova, Christian Rolf, Jens-Uwe Grooß, Rolf Müller, Paul Konopka, Andreas Wieser, Martina Krämer, and Martin Riese

Data sets

Tereno: terrestial environmental Obervatories Forschungszentrum Jülich IBG-3

MLS/Aura Level 2 Water Vapor (H2O) Mixing Ratio V004 A. Lambert, W. Read, and N. Livesey

MLS/Aura Level 2 Ozone (O3) Mixing Ratio V004 M. Schwartz, L. Froidevaux, N. Livesey, and W. Read

MLS/Aura Level 2 Carbon Monoxide (CO) Mixing Ratio V004 M. Schwartz, H. Pumphrey, N. Livesey, and W. Read

ERA5: Fifth generation of ECMWF atmospheric reanalyses of the global climate Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S)!/home

Short summary
Extreme storms transport humidity from the troposphere to the stratosphere. Here it has a strong impact on the climate. With ongoing global warming, we expect more storms and, hence, an enhancement of this effect. A case study was performed in order to measure the impact of the direct injection of water vapor into the lower stratosphere. The measurements displayed a significant transport of water vapor into the lower stratosphere, and this was supported by satellite and reanalysis data.
Final-revised paper