Articles | Volume 21, issue 5
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 3855–3870, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-3855-2021
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 3855–3870, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-3855-2021

Research article 15 Mar 2021

Research article | 15 Mar 2021

Continuous secondary-ice production initiated by updrafts through the melting layer in mountainous regions

Annika Lauber et al.

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Latest update: 22 Oct 2021
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Short summary
An accurate prediction of the ice crystal number concentration (ICNC) is important to determine the radiation budget, lifetime, and precipitation formation of clouds. Even though secondary-ice processes can increase the ICNC by several orders of magnitude, they are poorly constrained and lack a well-founded quantification. During measurements on a mountain slope, a high ICNC of small ice crystals was observed just below 0 °C, attributed to a secondary-ice process and parametrized in this study.
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