Articles | Volume 21, issue 4
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 2675–2692, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-2675-2021

Special issue: Quantifying the impacts of stay-at-home policies on atmospheric...

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 2675–2692, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-2675-2021

Research article 23 Feb 2021

Research article | 23 Feb 2021

Changes in black carbon emissions over Europe due to COVID-19 lockdowns

Nikolaos Evangeliou et al.

Data sets

Changes in black carbon emissions over Europe due to COVID-19 lockdown Nikolaos Evangeliou, Stephen M. Platt, Sabine Eckhardt, Cathrine Lund Myhre, Paolo Villani, Paolo Laj, Lucas Alados-Arboledas, John Backman, Bernard T. Brem, Markus Fiebig, Harald Flentje, Angela Marinoni, Marco Pandolfi, Jesus Yus-Diez, Natalia Prats, Jean-Philippe Putaud, Karine Sellegri,Kostas Eleftheriadis, Stergios Vratolis, Alfred Wiedensohler, Andreas Stohl, Mar Sorribas https://doi.org/10.21336/gen.b5vj-sn33

Global anthropogenic emissions of particulate matter includ- ing black carbon (http://www.iiasa.ac.at/web/home/research/researchPrograms/air/Global_emissions.html) Z. Klimont, K. Kupiainen, C. Heyes, P. Purohit, J. Cofala, P. Rafaj, J. Borken-Kleefeld, and W. Schöpp https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-17-8681-2017

HTAP_v2.2: a mosaic of regional and global emission 85 grid maps for 2008 and 2010 to study hemispheric transport of air pollution (http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/methodology.php\#) G. Janssens-Maenhout, M. Crippa, D. Guizzardi, F. Dentener, M. Muntean, G. Pouliot, T. Keating, Q. Zhang, J. Kurokawa, R. Wankmüller, H. Denier van der Gon, J. J. P. Kuenen, Z. Klimont, G. Frost, S. Darras, B. Koffi, and M. Li https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-15-11411-2015

Historical (1850–2000) gridded anthropogenic and biomass burning emissions of reactive gases and aerosols: methodology and application (http://accent.aero.jussieu.fr/ACCMIP_metadata.php) J.-F. Lamarque, T. C. Bond, V. Eyring, C. Granier, A. Heil, Z. Klimont, D. Lee, C. Liousse, A. Mieville, B. Owen, M. G. Schultz, D. Shindell, S. J. Smith, E. Stehfest, J. Van Aardenne, O. R. Cooper, M., Kainuma, N. Mahowald, J. R. McConnell, V. Naik, K. Riahi, and D. P. van Vuuren https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-10-7017-2010

Model code and software

The Lagrangian particle dispersion model FLEXPART version 10.4 (https://www.flexpart.eu) Ignacio Pisso, Espen Sollum, Henrik Grythe, Nina I. Kristiansen, Massimo Cassiani, Sabine Eckhardt, Delia Arnold, Don Morton, Rona L. Thompson, Christine D. Groot Zwaaftink, Nikolaos Evangeliou, Harald Sodemann, Leopold Haimberger, Stephan Henne, Dominik Brunner, John F. Burkhart, Anne Fouilloux, Jerome Brioude, Anne Philipp, Petra Seibert1, Andreas Stohl https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-12-4955-2019

FLEXINVERT: an atmospheric Bayesian inversion framework for determining surface fluxes of trace species using an optimized grid (https://flexinvert.nilu.no) Rona L. Thompson and Andreas Stohl https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-7-2223-2014

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Short summary
Following the transmission of SARS-CoV-2 to Europe, social distancing rules were introduced to prevent further spread. We investigate the impacts of the European lockdowns on black carbon (BC) emissions by means of in situ observations and inverse modelling. BC emissions declined by 23 kt in Europe during the lockdowns as compared with previous years and by 11 % as compared to the period prior to lockdowns. Residential combustion prevailed in Eastern Europe, as confirmed by remote sensing data.
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