Articles | Volume 21, issue 23
Research article
01 Dec 2021
Research article |  | 01 Dec 2021

Model emulation to understand the joint effects of ice-nucleating particles and secondary ice production on deep convective anvil cirrus

Rachel E. Hawker, Annette K. Miltenberger, Jill S. Johnson, Jonathan M. Wilkinson, Adrian A. Hill, Ben J. Shipway, Paul R. Field, Benjamin J. Murray, and Ken S. Carslaw


Total article views: 2,077 (including HTML, PDF, and XML)
HTML PDF XML Total BibTeX EndNote
1,448 585 44 2,077 40 63
  • HTML: 1,448
  • PDF: 585
  • XML: 44
  • Total: 2,077
  • BibTeX: 40
  • EndNote: 63
Views and downloads (calculated since 02 Jul 2021)
Cumulative views and downloads (calculated since 02 Jul 2021)

Viewed (geographical distribution)

Total article views: 2,077 (including HTML, PDF, and XML) Thereof 2,089 with geography defined and -12 with unknown origin.
Country # Views %
  • 1


Latest update: 18 Jul 2024
Short summary
We find that ice-nucleating particles (INPs), aerosols that can initiate the freezing of cloud droplets, cause substantial changes to the properties of radiatively important convectively generated anvil cirrus. The number concentration of INPs had a large effect on ice crystal number concentration while the INP temperature dependence controlled ice crystal size and cloud fraction. The results indicate information on INP number and source is necessary for the representation of cloud glaciation.
Final-revised paper