Articles | Volume 21, issue 21
Research article
16 Nov 2021
Research article |  | 16 Nov 2021

Changes in biomass burning, wetland extent, or agriculture drive atmospheric NH3 trends in select African regions

Jonathan E. Hickman, Niels Andela, Enrico Dammers, Lieven Clarisse, Pierre-François Coheur, Martin Van Damme, Courtney A. Di Vittorio, Money Ossohou, Corinne Galy-Lacaux​​​​​​​, Kostas Tsigaridis​​​​​​​, and Susanne E. Bauer


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Short summary
Ammonia (NH3) gas emitted from soils and biomass burning contributes to particulate air pollution. We used satellite observations of the atmosphere over Africa to show that declines in NH3 concentrations over South Sudan's Sudd wetland in 2008–2017 are related to variation in wetland extent. We also find NH3 concentrations increased in West Africa as a result of biomass burning and increased in the Lake Victoria region, likely due to agricultural expansion and intensification.
Final-revised paper