Articles | Volume 21, issue 19
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-14671-2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-14671-2021
Research article
 | 
05 Oct 2021
Research article |  | 05 Oct 2021

Two-year statistics of columnar-ice production in stratiform clouds over Hyytiälä, Finland: environmental conditions and the relevance to secondary ice production

Haoran Li, Ottmar Möhler, Tuukka Petäjä, and Dmitri Moisseev

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Latest update: 21 Feb 2024
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Short summary
In natural clouds, ice-nucleating particles are expected to be rare above –10 °C. In the current paper, we found that the formation of ice columns is frequent in stratiform clouds and is associated with increased precipitation intensity and liquid water path. In single-layer shallow clouds, the production of ice columns was attributed to secondary ice production, despite the rime-splintering process not being expected to take place in such clouds.
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