Articles | Volume 21, issue 2
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 1211–1243, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-1211-2021

Special issue: The Aerosol Chemistry Model Intercomparison Project...

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 1211–1243, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-1211-2021
Research article
29 Jan 2021
Research article | 29 Jan 2021

Assessment of pre-industrial to present-day anthropogenic climate forcing in UKESM1

Fiona M. O'Connor et al.

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Latest update: 03 Dec 2022
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Short summary
This paper calculates how changes in emissions and/or concentrations of different atmospheric constituents since the pre-industrial era have altered the Earth's energy budget at the present day using a metric called effective radiative forcing. The impact of land use change is also assessed. We find that individual contributions do not add linearly, and different Earth system interactions can affect the magnitude of the calculated effective radiative forcing.
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