Articles | Volume 19, issue 14
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19, 9061–9080, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-19-9061-2019
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19, 9061–9080, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-19-9061-2019
Research article
17 Jul 2019
Research article | 17 Jul 2019

Elucidating ice formation pathways in the aerosol–climate model ECHAM6-HAM2

Remo Dietlicher et al.

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Short summary
Ice crystals in clouds cover a spectrum of shapes and sizes. We show the first results of a consistent representation of the cloud ice spectrum in the climate model ECHAM6-HAM2. The simulated cloud fields are linked to their sources by new diagnostics. We find that only a small fraction of ice clouds is initiated by freezing of cloud droplets in the mixed-phase temperature regime while most ice forms at temperatures colder than −35 °C.
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