Articles | Volume 19, issue 15
Research article
14 Aug 2019
Research article |  | 14 Aug 2019

Perfluorocyclobutane (PFC-318, c-C4F8) in the global atmosphere

Jens Mühle, Cathy M. Trudinger, Luke M. Western, Matthew Rigby, Martin K. Vollmer, Sunyoung Park, Alistair J. Manning, Daniel Say, Anita Ganesan, L. Paul Steele, Diane J. Ivy, Tim Arnold, Shanlan Li, Andreas Stohl, Christina M. Harth, Peter K. Salameh, Archie McCulloch, Simon O'Doherty, Mi-Kyung Park, Chun Ok Jo, Dickon Young, Kieran M. Stanley, Paul B. Krummel, Blagoj Mitrevski, Ove Hermansen, Chris Lunder, Nikolaos Evangeliou, Bo Yao, Jooil Kim, Benjamin Hmiel, Christo Buizert, Vasilii V. Petrenko, Jgor Arduini, Michela Maione, David M. Etheridge, Eleni Michalopoulou, Mike Czerniak, Jeffrey P. Severinghaus, Stefan Reimann, Peter G. Simmonds, Paul J. Fraser, Ronald G. Prinn, and Ray F. Weiss


Total article views: 5,630 (including HTML, PDF, and XML)
HTML PDF XML Total Supplement BibTeX EndNote
4,105 1,463 62 5,630 424 64 72
  • HTML: 4,105
  • PDF: 1,463
  • XML: 62
  • Total: 5,630
  • Supplement: 424
  • BibTeX: 64
  • EndNote: 72
Views and downloads (calculated since 30 Apr 2019)
Cumulative views and downloads (calculated since 30 Apr 2019)

Viewed (geographical distribution)

Total article views: 5,630 (including HTML, PDF, and XML) Thereof 5,671 with geography defined and -41 with unknown origin.
Country # Views %
  • 1


Latest update: 18 Jun 2024
Short summary
We discuss atmospheric concentrations and emissions of the strong greenhouse gas perfluorocyclobutane. A large fraction of recent emissions stem from China, India, and Russia, probably as a by-product from the production of fluoropolymers and fluorochemicals. Most historic emissions likely stem from developed countries. Total emissions are higher than what is being reported. Clearly, more measurements and better reporting are needed to understand emissions of this and other greenhouse gases.
Final-revised paper