Articles | Volume 18, issue 15
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 10881–10913, 2018
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 10881–10913, 2018

Research article 03 Aug 2018

Research article | 03 Aug 2018

Polar stratospheric cloud climatology based on CALIPSO spaceborne lidar measurements from 2006 to 2017

Michael C. Pitts et al.

Related authors

Quasi-coincident observations of polar stratospheric clouds by ground-based lidar and CALIOP at Concordia (Dome C, Antarctica) from 2014 to 2018
Marcel Snels, Francesco Colao, Francesco Cairo, Ilir Shuli, Andrea Scoccione, Mauro De Muro, Michael Pitts, Lamont Poole, and Luca Di Liberto
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 2165–2178,,, 2021
Short summary
Evaluation of polar stratospheric clouds in the global chemistry–climate model SOCOLv3.1 by comparison with CALIPSO spaceborne lidar measurements
Michael Steiner, Beiping Luo, Thomas Peter, Michael C. Pitts, and Andrea Stenke
Geosci. Model Dev., 14, 935–959,,, 2021
Short summary
On the best locations for ground-based polar stratospheric cloud (PSC) observations
Matthias Tesche, Peggy Achtert, and Michael C. Pitts
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 505–516,,, 2021
Short summary
Comparison of Antarctic polar stratospheric cloud observations by ground-based and space-borne lidar and relevance for chemistry–climate models
Marcel Snels, Andrea Scoccione, Luca Di Liberto, Francesco Colao, Michael Pitts, Lamont Poole, Terry Deshler, Francesco Cairo, Chiara Cagnazzo, and Federico Fierli
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19, 955–972,,, 2019
Short summary
Lagrangian simulation of ice particles and resulting dehydration in the polar winter stratosphere
Ines Tritscher, Jens-Uwe Grooß, Reinhold Spang, Michael C. Pitts, Lamont R. Poole, Rolf Müller, and Martin Riese
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19, 543–563,,, 2019
Short summary

Related subject area

Subject: Aerosols | Research Activity: Remote Sensing | Altitude Range: Stratosphere | Science Focus: Chemistry (chemical composition and reactions)
MIPAS observations of volcanic sulfate aerosol and sulfur dioxide in the stratosphere
Annika Günther, Michael Höpfner, Björn-Martin Sinnhuber, Sabine Griessbach, Terry Deshler, Thomas von Clarmann, and Gabriele Stiller
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 1217–1239,,, 2018
Short summary
Comparison of ozone profiles and influences from the tertiary ozone maximum in the night-to-day ratio above Switzerland
Lorena Moreira, Klemens Hocke, and Niklaus Kämpfer
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 10259–10268,,, 2017
Short summary
The natural oscillations in stratospheric ozone observed by the GROMOS microwave radiometer at the NDACC station Bern
Lorena Moreira, Klemens Hocke, Francisco Navas-Guzmán, Ellen Eckert, Thomas von Clarmann, and Niklaus Kämpfer
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 10455–10467,,, 2016
Short summary
Polar stratospheric cloud evolution and chlorine activation measured by CALIPSO and MLS, and modeled by ATLAS
Hideaki Nakajima, Ingo Wohltmann, Tobias Wegner, Masanori Takeda, Michael C. Pitts, Lamont R. Poole, Ralph Lehmann, Michelle L. Santee, and Markus Rex
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 3311–3325,,, 2016
Short summary

Cited articles

Achtert, P. and Tesche, M.: Assessing lidar-based classification schemes for polar stratospheric clouds based on 16 years of measurements at Esrange, Sweden, J. Geophys. Res., 119, 1386–1405,, 2014. 
Achtert, P., Karlsson Andersson, M., Khosrawi, F., and Gumbel, J.: On the linkage between tropospheric and Polar Stratospheric clouds in the Arctic as observed by space–borne lidar, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 3791–3798,, 2012. 
Alexander, S. P., Klekociuk, A. R., Pitts, M. C., McDonald, A. J., and Arevalo-Torres, A.: The effect of orographic gravity waves on Antarctic polar stratospheric cloud occurrence and composition, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 116, D06109,, 2011. 
Alexander, S. P., Klekociuk, A. R., McDonald, A. J., and Pitts, M. C.: Quantifying the role of orographic gravity waves on polar stratospheric cloud occurrence in the Antarctic and the Arctic, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 118, 11493–11507,, 2013. 
Bosilovich, M. G., Lucchesi, R., and Suarez, M.: MERRA-2: File Specification, GMAO Office Note No. 9 (Version 1.1), 73 p., available at: (last access: July 2018), 2016. 
Short summary
This paper first describes the new version 2 Cloud-Aerosol Lidar with Orthogonal Polarization (CALIOP) polar stratospheric cloud (PSC) detection and composition classification algorithm. We then present a state-of-the-art PSC reference data record and climatology constructed by applying the v2 algorithm to the over 11 years CALIOP spaceborne lidar dataset spanning 2006–2017. This work is part of a larger effort being performed under the auspices of the SPARC Polar Stratospheric Cloud Initiative.
Final-revised paper