Articles | Volume 17, issue 10
Research article
30 May 2017
Research article |  | 30 May 2017

Thermodynamic and dynamic responses of the hydrological cycle to solar dimming

Jane E. Smyth, Rick D. Russotto, and Trude Storelvmo

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Cited articles

Arora, V. K., Scinocca, J. F., Boer, G. J., Christian, J. R., Denman, K. L., Flato, G. M., Kharin, V. V., Lee, W. G., and Merryfield, W. J.: Carbon emission limits required to satisfy future representative concentration pathways of greenhouse gases, Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L05805,, 2011.
Bala, G., Duffy, P., and Taylor, K.: Impact of geoengineering schemes on the global hydrological cycle, PNAS, 105, 7664–7669, 2008.
Bentsen, M., Bethke, I., Debernard, J. B., Iversen, T., Kirkevåg, A., Seland, Ø., Drange, H., Roelandt, C., Seierstad, I. A., Hoose, C., and Kristjánsson, J. E.: The Norwegian Earth System Model, NorESM1-M – Part 1: Description and basic evaluation of the physical climate, Geosci. Model Dev., 6, 687–720,, 2013.
Broccoli, A. J., Dahl, K. A., and Stouffer, R. J.: Response of the ITCZ to Northern Hemisphere cooling, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L01702,, 2006.
Byrne, M. and O'Gorman, P.: Understanding Decreases in Land Relative Humidity with Global Warming: Conceptual Model and GCM Simulations, J. Climate, 29, 9045–9061,, 2016.
Short summary
Geoengineering is a controversial proposal to counteract global warming by reducing the incoming solar radiation. Solar dimming could restore preindustrial temperatures, but global rainfall patterns would be altered. We analyze the global rainfall changes in 11 climate model simulations of solar dimming to better understand the underlying processes. We conclude that tropical precipitation would be substantially altered, in part due to changes in the large-scale atmospheric circulation.
Final-revised paper