Articles | Volume 17, issue 8
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 5107–5118, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-17-5107-2017
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 5107–5118, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-17-5107-2017

Research article 19 Apr 2017

Research article | 19 Apr 2017

Inconsistency of ammonium–sulfate aerosol ratios with thermodynamic models in the eastern US: a possible role of organic aerosol

Rachel F. Silvern et al.

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AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
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AR: Author's response | RR: Referee report | ED: Editor decision
AR by Rachel Silvern on behalf of the Authors (26 Sep 2016)  Author's response    Manuscript
ED: Referee Nomination & Report Request started (12 Dec 2016) by Athanasios Nenes
RR by Anonymous Referee #1 (26 Dec 2016)
ED: Reconsider after minor revisions (Editor review) (01 Feb 2017) by Athanasios Nenes
AR by Rachel Silvern on behalf of the Authors (16 Feb 2017)  Author's response    Manuscript
ED: Publish as is (22 Mar 2017) by Athanasios Nenes
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Short summary
We identify a fundamental discrepancy between thermodynamic equilibrium theory and observations of inorganic aerosol composition in the eastern US in summer that shows low ammonium sulfate aerosol ratios. In addition, from 2003 to 2013, while SO2 emissions have declined due to US emission controls, aerosols have become more acidic in the southeastern US. To explain these observations, we suggest that the large and increasing source of organic aerosol may be affecting thermodynamic equilibrium.
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