Articles | Volume 17, issue 18
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 11065–11073, 2017
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 11065–11073, 2017

Research article 19 Sep 2017

Research article | 19 Sep 2017

Rainfall drives atmospheric ice-nucleating particles in the coastal climate of southern Norway

Franz Conen et al.


Interactive discussion

Status: closed
Status: closed
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
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Peer-review completion

AR: Author's response | RR: Referee report | ED: Editor decision
AR by Anna Wenzel on behalf of the Authors (16 Aug 2017)  Author's response
ED: Publish subject to technical corrections (25 Aug 2017) by Anne Perring
Short summary
Observation of ice nuclei active at −8 °C show that rainfall drives their abundance throughout all seasons and that they are equally distributed amongst coarse and fine fraction of PM10. Concurrent measurements of fungal spore markers suggest that some fraction of INP-8 may consist of fungal spores during the warm part of the year. Snow cover suppresses the aerosolisation of ice nuclei. Changes in snow cover and rainfall may affect atmospheric concentrations of ice nuclei in future.
Final-revised paper