Articles | Volume 17, issue 18
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-17-10937-2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-17-10937-2017
Research article
 | 
15 Sep 2017
Research article |  | 15 Sep 2017

Particulate sulfur in the upper troposphere and lowermost stratosphere – sources and climate forcing

Bengt G. Martinsson, Johan Friberg, Oscar S. Sandvik, Markus Hermann, Peter F. J. van Velthoven, and Andreas Zahn

Viewed

Total article views: 2,712 (including HTML, PDF, and XML)
HTML PDF XML Total BibTeX EndNote
1,741 880 91 2,712 73 106
  • HTML: 1,741
  • PDF: 880
  • XML: 91
  • Total: 2,712
  • BibTeX: 73
  • EndNote: 106
Views and downloads (calculated since 23 Jan 2017)
Cumulative views and downloads (calculated since 23 Jan 2017)

Viewed (geographical distribution)

Total article views: 2,712 (including HTML, PDF, and XML) Thereof 2,695 with geography defined and 17 with unknown origin.
Country # Views %
  • 1
1
 
 
 
 

Cited

Latest update: 24 May 2024
Download
Short summary
We find that the aerosol of the lowermost stratosphere has a considerable climate forcing. The upper tropospheric (UT) particulate sulfur is strongly influenced by stratospheric sources the first half of the year, whereas tropospheric sources dominate in fall; 50 % of the UT particulate sulfur (S) was found to be stratospheric at background condition, and 70 % under moderate influence from volcanism. The Asian monsoon is found to be an important tropospheric source of S in the NH extratropical UT.
Altmetrics
Final-revised paper
Preprint