Articles | Volume 16, issue 14
Research article
28 Jul 2016
Research article |  | 28 Jul 2016

Adjusting particle-size distributions to account for aggregation in tephra-deposit model forecasts

Larry G. Mastin, Alexa R. Van Eaton, and Adam J. Durant


Interactive discussion

Status: closed
Status: closed
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
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Peer-review completion

AR: Author's response | RR: Referee report | ED: Editor decision
AR by Larry Mastin on behalf of the Authors (12 Jun 2016)  Author's response   Manuscript 
ED: Publish as is (14 Jun 2016) by Matthias Tesche
AR by Larry Mastin on behalf of the Authors (24 Jun 2016)  Manuscript 
Short summary
During volcanic eruptions, fine ash settles out of the atmosphere to form deposits. Particle aggregation makes it difficult for models to calculate where fine ash will fall. In this study we show that the Ash3d dispersion model can accurately predict where fine ash will land if one assumes a Gaussian size distribution of aggregates, ~ 0.18–0.23 mm in diameter and 600 kg m−3 in density. This aggregation scheme has optimally reproduced deposits for four well-documented eruptions.
Final-revised paper