Articles | Volume 15, issue 9
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 5195–5210, 2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-15-5195-2015
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 5195–5210, 2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-15-5195-2015

Research article 11 May 2015

Research article | 11 May 2015

Ice nucleation by combustion ash particles at conditions relevant to mixed-phase clouds

N. S. Umo et al.

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AR by Anna Wenzel on behalf of the Authors (21 Apr 2015)  Author's response    Manuscript
ED: Publish as is (21 Apr 2015) by Hinrich Grothe
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Short summary
Combustion ash particles nucleate ice in the immersion mode at conditions relevant to mixed-phase clouds. Hence, combustion ashes could play an important role in primary ice formation in mixed-phase clouds, especially in clouds that are formed near the emission source of these aerosol particles. From this study, there is a need to quantify the atmospheric abundance of combustion ashes in order to quantitatively assess the impact of combustion ashes on mixed-phase clouds.
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