Articles | Volume 14, issue 11
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 5617–5638, 2014

Special issue: East Asia emissions assessment (EA2)

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 5617–5638, 2014

Research article 05 Jun 2014

Research article | 05 Jun 2014

Mapping Asian anthropogenic emissions of non-methane volatile organic compounds to multiple chemical mechanisms

M. Li2,1, Q. Zhang1, D. G. Streets3, K. B. He2, Y. F. Cheng4, L. K. Emmons5, H. Huo6, S. C. Kang2, Z. Lu3, M. Shao7, H. Su4, X. Yu8, and Y. Zhang9 M. Li et al.
  • 1Ministry of Education Key Laboratory for Earth System Modeling, Center for Earth System Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China
  • 2State Key Joint Laboratory of Environment Simulation and Pollution Control, School of Environment, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China
  • 3Decision and Information Sciences Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, USA
  • 4Multiphase Chemistry Department, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Mainz, Germany
  • 5Atmospheric Chemistry Division, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO, USA
  • 6Institute of Energy, Environment and Economy, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China
  • 7State Key Joint Laboratory of Environmental Simulation and Pollution Control, College of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Peking University, Beijing, China
  • 8Beijing Green Resource Research Co. Ltd., Beijing, China
  • 9Department of Marine, Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, USA

Abstract. An accurate speciation mapping of non-methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOC) emissions has an important impact on the performance of chemical transport models (CTMs) in simulating ozone mixing ratios and secondary organic aerosols. Taking the INTEX-B Asian NMVOC emission inventory as the case, we developed an improved speciation framework to generate model-ready anthropogenic NMVOC emissions for various gas-phase chemical mechanisms commonly used in CTMs in this work, by using an explicit assignment approach and updated NMVOC profiles. NMVOC profiles were selected and aggregated from a wide range of new measurements and the SPECIATE database v.4.2. To reduce potential uncertainty from individual measurements, composite profiles were developed by grouping and averaging source profiles from the same category. The fractions of oxygenated volatile organic compounds (OVOC) were corrected during the compositing process for those profiles which used improper sampling and analyzing methods. Emissions of individual species were then lumped into species in different chemical mechanisms used in CTMs by applying mechanism-dependent species mapping tables, which overcomes the weakness of inaccurate mapping in previous studies. Emission estimates for individual NMVOC species differ between one and three orders of magnitude for some species when different sets of profiles are used, indicating that source profile is the most important source of uncertainties of individual species emissions. However, those differences are diminished in lumped species as a result of the lumping in the chemical mechanisms. Gridded emissions for eight chemical mechanisms at 30 min × 30 min resolution as well as the auxiliary data are available at The framework proposed in this work can be also used to develop speciated NMVOC emissions for other regions.

Final-revised paper