Articles | Volume 11, issue 20
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 10305–10315, 2011
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-11-10305-2011
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 10305–10315, 2011
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-11-10305-2011

Technical note 17 Oct 2011

Technical note | 17 Oct 2011

Technical Note: A novel approach to estimation of time-variable surface sources and sinks of carbon dioxide using empirical orthogonal functions and the Kalman filter

R. Zhuravlev1, B. Khattatov2, B. Kiryushov1, and S. Maksyutov3 R. Zhuravlev et al.
  • 1Central Aerological Observatory, Dolgoprudny, Russia
  • 2Fusion Numerics International, Boulder, CO, USA
  • 3Center for Global Environmental Research, National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Japan

Abstract. In this work we propose an approach to solving a source estimation problem based on representation of carbon dioxide surface emissions as a linear combination of a finite number of pre-computed empirical orthogonal functions (EOFs). We used National Institute for Environmental Studies (NIES) transport model for computing response functions and Kalman filter for estimating carbon dioxide emissions. Our approach produces results similar to these of other models participating in the TransCom3 experiment.

Using the EOFs we can estimate surface fluxes at higher spatial resolution, while keeping the dimensionality of the problem comparable with that in the regions approach. This also allows us to avoid potentially artificial sharp gradients in the fluxes in between pre-defined regions. EOF results generally match observations more closely given the same error structure as the traditional method.

Additionally, the proposed approach does not require additional effort of defining independent self-contained emission regions.

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