Status: this preprint was under review for the journal ACP but the revision was not accepted.
Secondary organic aerosol formation from toluene photooxidation under various NOx conditions and particle acidity
G. Caoand M. Jang
Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, CB 7431, Rosenau Hall, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
Department of Environmental Engineering Sciences, University of Florida, P.O. Box 116450, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
Abstract. Secondary organic aerosol (SOA) formation from photooxidation of toluene is studied using a 2 m3 indoor Teflon film chamber under three different NOx conditions: low (≤3 ppb), intermediate (90–105 ppb) and high (280–315 ppb). SOA experiments are conducted in the presence of either neutral or acidic sulfate seed aerosols under two different humidity levels (%RH 15–22 or 38–49). NOx concentrations in the chamber air affect not only SOA yields but also SOA growth described by the organic mass (OM) produced as a function of the toluene concentration consumed over the course of a single SOA experiment. The particle acidity effect on toluene SOA formation varies with NOx concentrations. For the low and the intermediate NOx experiments, SOA yields with acidic sulfate seed considerably increase by: 36%–115% at low %RH and 25–44% at high %RH compared to those with neutral seed. No significant particle acidity effect is observed for the high NOx experiments. The humidity effect on SOA formation is also different at the three NOx levels. For the low NOx experiments, SOA yields are 29%–34% lower at high %RH than those at low %RH in the presence of either neutral or acidic sulfate seed. For the intermediate NOx experiments, SOA yields at high %RH increase by 39% in the presence of neutral seed but slightly decrease by 7% in the presence of acidic sulfate seed compared to those at low %RH. For the high NOx experiments with a high NO fraction, no significant humidity effect on SOA yields is found with both neutral and acidic sulfate seeds.
How to cite. Cao, G. and Jang, M.: Secondary organic aerosol formation from toluene photooxidation under various NOx conditions and particle acidity, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 8, 14467–14495, https://doi.org/10.5194/acpd-8-14467-2008, 2008.
Received: 24 Jun 2008 – Discussion started: 30 Jul 2008