Review status: this preprint was under review for the journal ACP. A revision for further review has not been submitted.
Simulation of trace gases and aerosols over the Indian domain: evaluation of the WRF-Chem Model
M. Michael1,A. Yadav1,S. N. Tripathi1,2,V. P. Kanawade1,A. Gaur1,P. Sadavarte3,and C. Venkataraman3M. Michael et al.M. Michael1,A. Yadav1,S. N. Tripathi1,2,V. P. Kanawade1,A. Gaur1,P. Sadavarte3,and C. Venkataraman3
Received: 25 Feb 2013 – Accepted for review: 22 Apr 2013 – Discussion started: 14 May 2013
Abstract. The "online" meteorological and chemical transport Weather Research and Forecasting/Chemistry (WRF-Chem) model has been implemented over the Indian subcontinent for three consecutive summers in 2008, 2009 and 2010 to study the aerosol properties over the domain. The initial and boundary conditions are obtained from NCAR reanalysis data. The emission rates of sulfur dioxide, black carbon, organic carbon and PM2.5, which are developed over India at a grid resolution of 0.25° × 0.25° have been used in the present study. The remaining emissions are obtained from global inventories (RETRO and EDGAR). The model simulated the meteorological parameters, trace gases and particulate matter. Predicted mixing ratios of trace gases (Ozone, carbon monoxide and sulfur dioxide) are compared with ground based observations over Kanpur. Simulated aerosol optical depth are compared with those observed at nine Aerosol Robotic Network stations (AERONET). The simulations show that the aerosol optical depth of the less polluted regions is better simulated compared to that of the locations where the aerosol loading is very high. The vertical profiles of extinction coefficient observed at Kanpur Micropulse Lidar Network (MPLNET) station is in agreement with the simulated values for altitudes greater than 1.5 km and qualitatively simulate the elevated layers of aerosols. The simulated mass concentration of black carbon shows very good correlation with observations, due to the better local emission inventory used. The vertical profiles of black carbon at various locations have also been compared with observations from aircraft campaign held during pre-monsoon period of 2008 and 2009 resulting in good agreement. This study shows that WRF-Chem model captures many important features of the observations and therefore can be used for understanding and predicting regional atmospheric composition over Indian subcontinent.
How to cite. Michael, M., Yadav, A., Tripathi, S. N., Kanawade, V. P., Gaur, A., Sadavarte, P., and Venkataraman, C.: Simulation of trace gases and aerosols over the Indian domain: evaluation of the WRF-Chem Model, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 13, 12287–12336, https://doi.org/10.5194/acpd-13-12287-2013, 2013.