Articles | Volume 5, issue 1
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 5, 107–129, 2005
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-5-107-2005
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 5, 107–129, 2005
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-5-107-2005

  21 Jan 2005

21 Jan 2005

An evaluation of the performance of chemistry transport models - Part 2: Detailed comparison with two selected campaigns

D. Brunner1, J. Staehelin1, H. L. Rogers2, M. O. Köhler2, J. A. Pyle2, D. A. Hauglustaine3, L. Jourdain4, T. K. Berntsen5, M. Gauss5, I. S. A. Isaksen5, E. Meijer6, P. van Velthoven6, G. Pitari7, E. Mancini7, V. Grewe8, and R. Sausen8 D. Brunner et al.
  • 1Institute for Atmospheric and Climate Science, ETH, Zürich, Switzerland
  • 2Centre for Atmospheric Science, Cambridge University, Cambridge, UK
  • 3Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de L’Environnement, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • 4Service d’A ́eronomie, Paris, France
  • 5Department of Geosciences, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
  • 6Section of Atmospheric Composition, Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute, De Bilt, The Netherlands
  • 7Dipartimento di Fisica, Università L’Aquila, L’Aquila, Italy
  • 8Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre, DLR, Wessling, Germany

Abstract. This is the second part of a rigorous model evaluation study involving five global Chemistry-Transport and two Chemistry-Climate Models operated by different groups in Europe. Simulated trace gas fields were interpolated to the exact times and positions of the observations to account for the actual weather conditions and hence for the specific histories of the sampled air masses. In this part of the study we focus on a detailed comparison with two selected campaigns, PEM-Tropics A and SONEX, contrasting the clean environment of the tropical Pacific with the more polluted North Atlantic region. The study highlights the different strengths and weaknesses of the models in accurately simulating key processes in the UT/LS region including stratosphere-troposphere-exchange, rapid convective transport, lightning emissions, radical chemistry and ozone production. Model simulated Radon, which was used as an idealized tracer for continental influence, was occasionally much better correlated with measured CO than simulated CO pointing towards deficiencies in the used biomass burning emission fields. The abundance and variability of HOx radicals is in general well represented in the models as inferred directly from the comparison with measured OH and HO2 and indirectly from the comparison with hydrogen peroxide concentrations. Components of the NOy family such as PAN, HNO3 and NO were found to compare less favorably. Interestingly, models showing good agreement with observations in the case of PEM-Tropics A often failed in the case of SONEX and vice versa. A better description of NOx and NOy emissions, chemistry and sinks is thought to be key to future model improvements with respect to the representation of chemistry in the UT/LS region.

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