Articles | Volume 24, issue 2
Research article
26 Jan 2024
Research article |  | 26 Jan 2024

Structure, variability, and origin of the low-latitude nightglow continuum between 300 and 1800 nm: evidence for HO2 emission in the near-infrared

Stefan Noll, John M. C. Plane, Wuhu Feng, Konstantinos S. Kalogerakis, Wolfgang Kausch, Carsten Schmidt, Michael Bittner, and Stefan Kimeswenger

Data sets

Measurements and simulations of the nightglow continuum at Cerro Paranal Stefan Noll et al.

Data for the paper "Effective emission heights of various OH lines from X-shooter and SABER observations of a passing quasi-2-day wave" Stefan Noll et al.

Data for the paper "Climatologies of various OH lines from about 90,000 X-shooter spectra" Stefan Noll et al.

X-shooter raw data European Southern Observatory (ESO)

Short summary
The Earth's nighttime radiation in the range from the near-UV to the near-IR mainly originates between 75 and 105 km and consists of lines of different species, which are important indicators of the chemistry and dynamics at these altitudes. Based on astronomical spectra, we have characterised the structure and variability of a pseudo-continuum of a high number of faint lines and discovered a new emission process in the near-IR. By means of simulations, we identified HO2 as the likely emitter.
Final-revised paper