Articles | Volume 21, issue 5
Research article
04 Mar 2021
Research article |  | 04 Mar 2021

Halogen activation in the plume of Masaya volcano: field observations and box model investigations

Julian Rüdiger, Alexandra Gutmann, Nicole Bobrowski, Marcello Liotta, J. Maarten de Moor, Rolf Sander, Florian Dinger, Jan-Lukas Tirpitz, Martha Ibarra, Armando Saballos, María Martínez, Elvis Mendoza, Arnoldo Ferrufino, John Stix, Juan Valdés, Jonathan M. Castro, and Thorsten Hoffmann


Total article views: 2,279 (including HTML, PDF, and XML)
HTML PDF XML Total Supplement BibTeX EndNote
1,656 550 73 2,279 164 34 34
  • HTML: 1,656
  • PDF: 550
  • XML: 73
  • Total: 2,279
  • Supplement: 164
  • BibTeX: 34
  • EndNote: 34
Views and downloads (calculated since 22 Jun 2020)
Cumulative views and downloads (calculated since 22 Jun 2020)

Viewed (geographical distribution)

Total article views: 2,279 (including HTML, PDF, and XML) Thereof 2,386 with geography defined and -107 with unknown origin.
Country # Views %
  • 1


Latest update: 01 Jun 2023
Short summary
We present an innovative approach to study halogen chemistry in the plume of Masaya volcano in Nicaragua. An unique data set was collected using multiple techniques, including drones. These data enabled us to determine the fraction of activation of the respective halogens at various plume ages, where in-mixing of ambient air causes chemical reactions. An atmospheric chemistry box model was employed to further examine the field results and help our understanding of volcanic plume chemistry.
Final-revised paper