Articles | Volume 21, issue 18
Research article
22 Sep 2021
Research article |  | 22 Sep 2021

Two- and three-dimensional structures of the descent of mesospheric trace constituents after the 2013 sudden stratospheric warming elevated stratopause event

David E. Siskind, V. Lynn Harvey, Fabrizio Sassi, John P. McCormack, Cora E. Randall, Mark E. Hervig, and Scott M. Bailey

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Cited articles

ACE/SCISAT: ACE/SCISAT Database, Level 2 Data Access, [data set], available at:, last access: 26 August 2021. 
Andersson, M. E., Verronen, P. T., Marsh, D. R., Paivarinta, S.-M., and Plane, J. M. C.: WACCM-D Improved modeling of nitric acid and active chlorine during energetic particle precipitation, J. Geophys. Res., 121, 10328–10341,, 2016. 
Andrews, D. G., Holton, J. R., and Leovy, C. B.: Middle Atmosphere Dynamics, Academic Press, vol 40 Int'l Geophys Series, 489 pp., 1987. 
Bailey, S. M., Thurairajah, B., Randall, C. E., Holt, L., Siskind, D. E., Harvey, V. L., Venkataramani, K., Hervig, M. E., Rong, P. P., and Russell, J. M.: A multi tracer analysis of thermosphere to stratosphere descent triggered by the 2013 stratospheric sudden warming, Geophys. Res. Lett., 41, 5216–5222,, 2014. 
Barth, C. A., Tobiska, W. E., Siskind, D. E., and Cleary, D. D.: Solar-terrestrial coupling: Low-latitude thermospheric nitric oxide, Geophys. Res. Lett., 15, 92–94, 1988. 
Short summary
General circulation models have had a very difficult time simulating the descent of nitric oxide through the polar mesosphere to the stratosphere. Here, we present results suggesting that, with the proper specification of middle atmospheric meteorology, the simulation of this process can be greatly improved. Despite differences in the detailed geographic morphology of the model NO as compared with satellite data, we show that the overall abundance is likely in good agreement with the data.
Final-revised paper