Articles | Volume 21, issue 15
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 11905–11925, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-11905-2021
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 11905–11925, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-11905-2021
Research article
10 Aug 2021
Research article | 10 Aug 2021

A phenomenology of new particle formation (NPF) at 13 European sites

Dimitrios Bousiotis et al.

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Short summary
Formation of new particles is a key process in the atmosphere. New particle formation events arising from nucleation of gaseous precursors have been analysed in extensive datasets from 13 sites in five European countries in terms of frequency, nucleation rate, and particle growth rate, with several common features and many differences identified. Although nucleation frequencies are lower at roadside sites, nucleation rates and particle growth rates are typically higher.
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